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Conflict sensitive programming is a cross cutting approach that can be integrated in any intervention (emergency, humanitarian, recovery or development) through the various sectors such as water, natural resource management, animal health, education, health and nutrition that may not necessarily be conflict related. Conflict sensitive programming requires that an organization demonstrates ability to understand its operational context, its interventions and interactions with that context and to ensure that its interventions minimize negative impacts and maximize positive impacts on conflict.
This book shares VSFs’ experiences and lessons learnt in conflict sensitive programming in pastoral settings by integrating the “Do no Harm approach”, Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA) and components of conflict analysis tools. It captures the processes of institutionalization and application of the integrated approach into drought preparedness projects.
Natural and human-made disasters have been experienced throughout human history. In the last three decades both the frequency of their occurrence and the losses associated with them has increased. The incidence and magnitude of disasters today is widely recognised as posing a serious threat to the survival, dignity and livelihoods of countless individuals, particularly the poor. Hard-won development gains are also under threat, especially in the least developed countries (LDCs).
The awareness about the negative impact of climate change is generally growing in the region. Many people, especially those living in arid and semi arid areas, have already witnessed the change in the climate and its consequences on their lives, livelihood and the environment. Community Managed Disaster Risk Reduction (CMDRR) and Climate Change Adaptation (CCA) share common goals of reducing vulnerability of communities and achieving sustainable development. CMDRR is an essential part of adaptation – it is the first line of defense against climate change impacts, such as increased flooding or recurring droughts..
This book is divided into two parts. The first part (Holistic Management - Field Manual & Application) has been designed as a field manual that has captured the main elements of holistic grazing planning so that it may be taught and implemented easily in field situations for pastoralists. It highlights the benefits of holistic grazing planning. Pictures, illustrations, and hands-on exercises have been used to convey the information. Ten topics have been identified to help users of this book appreciate the importance of Holistic Management (HM) Approach. It further provides practical experiences with regard to the application of the HM approach among the Dasanach Community in Kenya.
The second part of this book highlights the importance of shared resource use practices in pastoral areas using the Reciprocal Grazing Agreements (RGA) Approach. It is envisaged that users of this book will learn from experiences highlighted herein with regard to developing the RGA. It is our hope that this book will be invaluable to individuals and organisations supporting the livelihoods of pastoralists.