The Republic of the Sudan is a country in Northeast Africa. It is the largest country in Africa and the Arab world and tenth largest in the world by area. It is bordered by Egypt to the north, the Red Sea to the northeast, Eritrea and Ethiopia to the east, Kenya and Uganda to the southeast, the Democratic Republic of the Congo and the Central African Republic to the southwest, Chad to the west and Libya to the northwest. The world's longest river, the Nile, divides the country between east and west sides.
Sudan is traversed from north to south by the Nile. Administratively Sudan includes eighteen states:
The humanitarian situation in Sudan is complex and characterized by various drivers. Socio-economic conditions are fragile or even deteriorating. Multiple areas have been affected by a resumption of hostilities especially in Darfur, Blue Nile and South Kordofan states. Chronic under-development and wide-spread poverty, exacerbated by natural disasters or climate shocks, are also negatively impacting the coping capacities of vulnerable populations. With access to basic services remaining largely insufficient, the population’s resilience to shocks is being further eroded.
VSF Germany has been operating in Sudan since 2010. Currently, it operates in Central Darfur, North Darfur, East Darfur, South Kordofan and Blue Nile states. In these areas, VSFG provides agriculture support services to 35,000 households including seeds, tools and extension services on crops production technology for each crop. It also provides livestock assets protection services including vaccination and treatment services as well as refresher trainings for CAHWs to 1,1 million animals belonging to 38,170 households.
Vétérinaires sans Frontìeres Germany interventions also include:
The current projects of VSFG are funded by SHF and OFDA/USAID. These projects contribute significantly to improving food and livelihood security of vulnerable households in the targeted areas.
The El Niño phenomena and aftermath thereof in North Darfur state in 2015, in South Kordofan state in 2011, the protracted conflict in Central Darfur State, ongoing conflicts of rebels and inter-ethnic groups in East Darfur State all led to massive displacement of people, food insecurity and lack of basic services.
With funding from Sudan Humanitarian Funds (SHF-UN), VSFG led a consortia project of 12 iNGOs and national NGOs working in the food security and livelihood cluster sector (FSL). The project aimed at improving the food security and nutritional status and saving the lives of targeted IDPs, returnees and vulnerable host communities in Darfur states and South Kordofan.
VSFG and its partners provided 24,000 targeted farmer households with 220t of different types of agricultural crop seeds (sorghum and groundnuts), 3.5t of assorted vegetables seeds (okra, tomato and water melon), 42,000 pieces of agricultural hand tools and trained the beneficiaries on crop production technology. The latter was conducted in order to raise farmers’ knowledge and engage them in the cultivation season to support improved crop production and cultural practices. As a result, they will be able to produce their own food, diversify their household diet and improve their nutrition.
In collaboration with our partners, we vaccinated 600,000 animals belonging to 24,000 households and treated 264,000 animalsagainst prevailing endemic diseases, strengthening productive capacities of the animals and reducing the death rate.
Through this project, 170 Community Animal Health Workers (CAHWs) were trained and their knowledge on animal health issues refreshed. They were also equipped with kits and drug packages to sustain animal treatment and to report cases in remote project areas. 450 women-led households in four targeted states were restocked with 1,350 does (female goats) to empower those women and improve nutrition of their children through milk. Beneficiaries were highly appreciative as the goats contributed positively to their food security and livelihood.